The Journal of Bucharest College of Physicians and the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences

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Monday, May 30 2016 @ 01:53 EEST

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Protocol for Fat Tissue Manipulation in Regenerative Treatment for Bilateral Coxarthrosis in Dogs

2016-01Dana Jianu, Gabriel Predoi, Iuliana Ionascu, Oltjon Cobani, Stefan Jianu, Andreea Nita, Mircea Ifrim

Hip dysplasia commonly leads to osteoarthrosis of the hip joint (coxarthrosis) and these two diseases are two of the most frequently encountered problems in veterinary practice. The available treatment modalities are varied and range from drugs to alleviate pain and inflammation to surgical techniques, such as hip replacement, and various physical therapy measures.

The research regarding therapy using adipose derived stem cells (ADSC) in veterinary medicine, started in 2002. Advances in understanding of the biology of adult stem cells have attracted the attention of the biomedical research community, including those studying osteoarthritis. (1) Autologous adult stem cells are immunologically compatible, can be harvested from a variety of sources, including bone marrow and adipse tissue (1), and have no ethical issues related to their use [...]

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External Postoperative Biliary Lithiasic Fistulae Associated with Choleperitoneum

2016-01Alec Cosmin Moldovan, Laurentiu Ungurianu, Mihaela Pricop, Mirela Debretin, Toba Madalina, Florin Dan Ungureanu, Vladimir Belis

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is regarded as a safe procedure, which could allow only with great difficulty the possibility of unpleasant progression or intraoperative surprises [2]. Both findings are now able to allow in most cases an optimal therapeutic conduct and a most simple postoperative evolution, devoid of consequences.

But, however, even with diagnosis establishment and surgical indication with maximum precision, such as a very advanced surgical technique, surgery further reserves the right to not always provide nor pleasant, nor easy to solve surprises [...]

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Metachronous Cancers

2016-01Matei Bara, Georgia-Luiza Serbanescu, Toma Radu Valeriu, Rodica Anghel

According to GLOBOCAN, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide touching woman, with approximately around 500000 new cases and 266000 deaths in 2012; in Romania, cervical cancer is the second malignancy diagnosed in women. Cervical cancer is responsible for 7.5% from the whole female cancer deaths and 87% of these cases are encountered in the less developed regions of the world.

The more advanced is the stage of cervical cancer, the worse the prognosis is and the treatment in these cases is mainly palliative with an average survival period of only 7 years as observed in recurrent and/or metastatic cancer [...]

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Lipoma of the Proximal Forearm with Compression of the Superficial Radial Nerve

2016-01Roxana Maria Enescu, Alexandru Ioan Tomek, Marius Popescu, Ioan Lascar

Compressive neuropathies in the upper limb represent a common and admittedly more and more frequent pathology, given how certain peripheral nerves posess an inherent risk of becoming injured due to anatomical positioning. [14] Obesity rate increase and the ageing of population altogether suggest that compressive neuropathies in the upper limb will become even more frequent in the next decade. [14] The most common sign of nervous compression is the carpal tunnel syndrome, prevailing in approximately 3% of the general population, followed by the cubital tunnel syndrome, and finally the radial tunnel syndrome, which is quite rare. [9] [...]

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Worsening Renal Function in Elderly Patients with Heart Failure and Chronic Kidney Disease: An Update

2016-01Alice Balaceanu, Carmen Bogeanu, Razvan Dragomirescu, Camelia Diaconu, Gheorghita Aron, Ion Dina

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as either kidney damage or eGFR (estimated glomerular filtration rate) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for three or more months [1]. Elderly patients have often an impaired basal renal function due to intrinsic renal disease or to a physiological decrease in the number of functional nephrons [2]. Half of adults over the age of 70 years have eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 [3]. CKD occurs in about 4.5% of the general population and 50% in patients with chronic or acute heart failure (HF) [4]. Commonly, CKD can be associated with chronic heart failure in elderly patients [2] [...]

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