The Journal of Bucharest College of Physicians and the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences

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The Use of Mineral Therapeutic Waters in Metabolic Disorders - a Review of the Literature

2018-01

Adriana Sarah Nica, Gavril Lucian Gheorghievici, Brindusa Ilinca Mitoiu, Delia Clantau, Gabriela Radulian

Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) represents a group of clinical and biological criteria that when combined can become a potential threat for the development of severe pathologies -diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, obesity. The International Diabetes Federation(IDF) defines the presence of MetS when 3 or more of the following criteria are detected: 1.raised triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L) or specific treatment for this lipid abnormality; 2.reduced HDL cholesterol <40 mg/dL (1.03 mmol/L) in males <50 mg/dL (1.29 mmol/L) in females or specific treatment for this lipid abnormality; 3.raised blood pressure systolic BP ≥130 or diastolic BP ≥85 mm Hg or treatment of previously diagnosed hypertension; 4.raised fasting plasma glucose, (FPG) ≥100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L), or previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes; 5.central obesity (defined as waist circumference* with ethnicity specific values) (IDF guidelines)[1-3].

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