The Journal of Bucharest College of Physicians and the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences

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Thursday, February 22 2018 @ 08:57 EET

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The Diagnosis of Urological Neoplasm in Dialysis Patients - a Brief Review

2017-04

Mircea Merticariu, Andrei Niculae, Corina-Ioana Merticariu, Ileana Adela Vacaroiu, Flavia Liliana Turcu, Viorel Jinga

The ideea of this review arised from a small lot of patients recently evaluated by a joint team of urologists and nephrologists in one of the largest dialysis departments in Bucharest, Romania. We decided to review the existing medical literature in order to have a better grasp of the peculiarities regarding the incidence, symptoms, tumor markers and imaging studies for urological cancers in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing dialysis. [...]

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Important Aspects to Take Into Consideration When Administering Cytotoxic Chemotherapy. A Review

2017-04

Cornelia Nitipir, Ana-Maria Popa, Pompilia Motatu, Bogdan Popescu, Cristian Iaciu, Mihaela Olaru, Anca-Mihaela Pantea Stoian, Razvan Hainarosie, Silviu Pituru, Maria Barbu

In the last decade, huge efforts have been made to optimize and personalize oncological treatment. Many novel therapies and better combinations of older ones have been implemented. Even if novelty is always exciting, one has take into consideration that the way a drug is administered is as important as the drug itself. The present review focuses on how the administration of several cancer drugs can minimize the toxicity they induce. It stresses that if enough importance is given to this aspect, patients can tolerate effective doses of treatment with better outcomes and have better quality of life. [...]

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Relevance of Genotyping for the Clinical Management, Transmission and Control Programs of Tuberculosis

2017-04

Olimpia Nicolaescu

More than 130 years after the discovery of its causative agent, TB still produces nearly 9 million new infections and 1.5 million deaths every year (one-quarter among them are patients co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus - HIV)[1]. Th eincidence of TB ranges from less than 10 per 100.000 in North America to 100 - 300 per 100.000 in Asia and Western Russia, to over 300 per 100.000 in Southern and Central Africa. In several regions of the world, the rise of incidence is linked to the increasing impact of HIV epidemics, drug resistant TB and deficiencies of current TB control programs. Th ese reasons determined WHO to declare TB a global emergency in 1993[2]. [...]

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The Versatility, Plasticity and Esthetic Aspect of Latissimus Dorsi Muscle-Cutaneous Flap in Breast Reconstruction - Case Report

2017-03

Iulia Gabriela Marcu, Ovidiu Stefanescu, Cristian Radu Jecan, Tiberiu Paul Neagu, Ioan Lascar

In the last decades, the approach manner of the defects of the soft parts post-mastectomy developed significantly together with the innovative surgical techniques of oncoplastic surgery.

Among these techniques, the reconstruction of the breast with LD flap and implant continues to be a reliable and easy to perform method, both by the experi-enced surgeons and also for the beginners[1]. [...]

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Complicated Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax - Challenges to Overcome: Case Report and Literature Review

2017-03

Catalin Ion Chiriac-Babei, Andra Rusalim, Ciprian Bolca

The studies concerning spontaneous pneumothorax in children offer a limited amount of information about the best approach with regard to the patients who require surgical treatment of this condition. The less severe forms respond to conservative treatment which consists of oxygen therapy and pain medication. If medical treatment does not alleviate the symptoms or if the pneumothorax persists, the patient requires chest tube drainage[4,5,6]. Surgical treatment is indicated when the pneumothorax reoccurs or if effective pleural drainage does not improve the condition of the patient[5,7]. [...]

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