The Journal of Bucharest College of Physicians and the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences

Welcome to ModernMedicine
Friday, April 27 2018 @ 06:04 EEST

View Printable Version

Evaluation of the Metabolic Profile During a Two Week Period in a Balneary Resort

2018-01

Gavril Lucian Gheorghievici, Adriana Sarah Nica, Gabriela Radulian

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as a cluster of elements represented by increased levels of fasting plasma glucose, raised tryglicerides, high blood pressure and modified values of HDL cholesterol associated with the presence of abnormal abdominal waist[1,2]. Due to this elements it represents a predicting factor regarding the development of type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Although insulin resistance[3] and central obesity[4] represent the main causative factors, there are still many unknown variables of its components that require further research. [...]

View full article
View Printable Version

Non-dominant Primary Motor Cortex Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Moderate to Severe Chronic Pain Caused by...

2018-01

Non-dominant Primary Motor Cortex Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Moderate to Severe Chronic Pain Caused by Diabetic Neuropathy: Case Series from a Small Crossover Pilot Study

Liviu Cozma, Laura Dumitrescu, Bogdan David, Adriana Nicolau, Mirela Enache, Ruxandra Patrascu, Bogdan Ovidiu Popescu

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a relatively new therapeutic and diagnostic technique that uses non-invasive neuromodulation and has an excellent safety profile[1]. According to recent EAN guidelines on central neurostimulation in chronic pain conditions there is only week evidence for primary motor cortex rTMS in neuropathic pain[2], while other guidelines on rTMS state a defi nite analgesic effect of high frequency rTMS of the primary motor cortex contra-lateral to pain site in neuropathic pain[3]

View full article
View Printable Version

The Role of Histamine and Serotonin in the Control of Vascular Motricity of the Anterior Ocular Segment - Review of..

2018-01

The Role of Histamine and Serotonin in the Control of Vascular Motricity of the Anterior Ocular Segment - Review of the Literature from 1997 to 2018

Dragos-Constantin Lunca, Horia Paunescu, Laurentiu Coman, Ion Fulga

Histamine and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) are two amino acid derivatives with important biological functions [1]. Histamine, an endogenous monoamine, is synthesized from the histidine and is stored in most tissues and degraded in liver by histaminase. The most important roles of histamine are: mediation of type I allergic reactions, stimulation of stomach secretion of hydrochloric acid and pepsin (as autacoid), and functioning as a neurotransmitter (especially in the central nervous system)[2]. Regarding the vascular effects of histamine in non-ocular territories, there have not been many published literature reviews, for example, there are data reviewed for pulmonary artery[3], brain territory[4], but these data are not recent.

View full article
View Printable Version

The Use of Mineral Therapeutic Waters in Metabolic Disorders - a Review of the Literature

2018-01

Adriana Sarah Nica, Gavril Lucian Gheorghievici, Brindusa Ilinca Mitoiu, Delia Clantau, Gabriela Radulian

Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) represents a group of clinical and biological criteria that when combined can become a potential threat for the development of severe pathologies -diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, obesity. The International Diabetes Federation(IDF) defines the presence of MetS when 3 or more of the following criteria are detected: 1.raised triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L) or specific treatment for this lipid abnormality; 2.reduced HDL cholesterol <40 mg/dL (1.03 mmol/L) in males <50 mg/dL (1.29 mmol/L) in females or specific treatment for this lipid abnormality; 3.raised blood pressure systolic BP ≥130 or diastolic BP ≥85 mm Hg or treatment of previously diagnosed hypertension; 4.raised fasting plasma glucose, (FPG) ≥100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L), or previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes; 5.central obesity (defined as waist circumference* with ethnicity specific values) (IDF guidelines)[1-3].

View full article
View Printable Version

Another Onset Mode for Rheumatoid Arthritis: Emergency Lab, Ultrasound or Both? Case Report and Literature Review

2017-04

Alice Balaceanu, Adriana Diaconu, Adriana Stanica, Camelia Diaconu

Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic autoimmune disease, with complex etiology and multiple genetic, immunologic, hormonal factors[1]. The onset could be insidious, like in the most patients or acute, with synovitis and extra-articular manifestations, encountered in 10% of patients[1].

We report a case of a 41 years old woman, non-smoker, without medical history, who complains about inter-mittent leg pain for 2 months, initially left calf, than bilateral, with edema in the both ankle and calf. The patient denied trauma. She is referred to emergency department for deep vein thrombosis suspicion [...]

View full article